Guyana’s Constitution Tunngaviusumik inatsit Guyana-mi

“The region known as “the Guianas” consists of the large shield landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River known as the “land of many waters”. Originally inhabited by several indigenous groups, Guyana was settled by the Dutch before coming under British control in the late 18th century. It was governed as British Guiana, with mostly a plantation style economy until the 1950s. It gained independence in 1966, and officially became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. The legacy of British rule is reflected in the country’s political administration and diverse population, which includes Indian, African, Amerindian, and multiracial groups…”

26 May 1966
• Republic
23 February 1970
6 October 1980

Guyana-mi tunngaviusumik inatsit pillugu allaaserisaq:

The Constitution of Guyana / Aajuna Guyana-mi tunngaviusumik inatsit:
Guyana: Constitution, 1980 with 1996 reforms

The Republic of Vanuatu

Vanuatu 1980-imi tunngaviusumik inatsiseqalerluni – nunatut namminiilivippoq, uani paasissutissat assigiinngitsut atuarneqarsinnaapput, minnerunngitsumik tunngaviusumik inatsisaat:  Constitution of the Republic of Vanuatu

“The politics of Vanuatu take place within the framework of a constitutional democracy. The constitution provides for a representative parliamentary system. The head of the Republic is an elected President. The Prime Minister of Vanuatu is the head of government.

Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

These institutions, which date from the country’s independence in 1980, exist alongside traditional systems of leadership and justice upheld by community chiefs…”

Read the whole article about Politics in Vanuatu here:


• from France and the United Kingdom
30 July 1980

Read more about Vanuatu here:

The Constitution of Niue Tunngaviusumik Inatsit Niue-mi

Niue maanna 1600-it sinnilaaginnarlugit inoqarpoq.  Taamaattoq Free Association-eqarlutik (New Zealand naligiimmik suleqatigalugu) namminersorput.

Tamakkiisumik nunanut allanut tunngassuteqartuni oqartussaanerat FN-imiit 1994-imili akuerineqarpoq.  Usornakasiinuku… Taakku manerassuarmiut 1600-init amerlanerulaartut pisinnaappata, ila suna uagut utaqqinerparput?

Aajuna Wikipediami allaaserineqarnerat:

Associated state
19 October 1974
• Independence in foreign relations recognised by the UN[1][2]

Aajunalu tunngaviusumik inatsisaat / Here is the Niue Constitution:
Constitution Act 1974 Niue

Constitution of Cook Islands Tunngaviusumik inatsit Cook Islands-ini

“The Constitution of the Cook Islands took effect on August 4, 1965, when the Cook Islands became a self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand. The anniversary of these events in 1965 is commemorated annually on Constitution Day, with week long activities known as Te Maeva Nui Celebrations locally….”

Associated state
• Self-government in free association with New Zealand
4 August 1965
• UN recognition of independence in foreign relations

Read the rest of the Wikipedia article here:

Read the constitution here:
Tunngaviusumik inatsit uani atuarneqarsinnaavoq: Cook Islands Constitution

Constitution of Marshall Islands Tunngaviusumik inatsit Marshall Islands-ini

“Politically, the Marshall Islands is a presidential republic in free association with the United States, with the US providing defense, subsidies, and access to U.S. based agencies such as the FCC and the USPS. With few natural resources, the islands’ wealth is based on a service economy, as well as some fishing and agriculture; aid from the United States represents a large percentage of the islands’ gross domestic product…”

• Self-government
October 21, 1986

Wikipedia about Marshall Islands:

Here is the contitution:
Aajuna tunngaviusumik inatsisaat:  Marshall_Islands_1995

Constitution of Iceland Tunngaviusumik inatsit Islandimi

The Icelandic independence movement according to Wikipedia:
Wikipediami Islandermiut namminiilivikkiartuaarnerat pillugu:

Here is the full text in english:
Aajuna tuluttut: constitution_of_iceland

The constitutional protection of economic rights

By: Terence Daintith *

“The shape of constitutions has changed greatly in the last fifty years or so. During this time, the new or substantially revised constitutions that have accompanied major changes in the political or economic order of states have almost always included extensive lists of individual rights for recognition or protection, and, normally, such lists have included rights bearing particularly on the economic life and well-being of subjects…”

Read the whole article here / tamakkerlugu uani atuarneqarsinnaavoq:
Constitutions economy

* Professor of Law, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, University of London, School of Law, University of Western Australia.

Challenges Facing State Constitutions in the Twenty-First Century

By: Ann Lousin*

Since 1776, each state in the federal union has had its own constitution. At the cusp of the twenty-first century and after two hundred and twenty-five years, we should ask what the role of the state constitution is, will and ought to be in the next one hundred years. The answers to these questions emerge by addressing the current social, political and economic changes that confront state constitutions. Awareness of our changing environment will help serve as a guide to drafters of future constitutions and help broaden the scope of their constitutions in order to meet the changes underway in their states…

Read the whole article here / tamakkerlugu uani atuarneqarsinnaavoq:
USstates constitutions

* Professor of Law, The John Marshall Law School, Chicago, IL., Research assistant at The Sixth Illinois Constitutional Convention in 1970. The author wishes to acknowledge with gratitude the memory of two giants in Illinois constitution-making, Professor Rubin G. Cohn and Samuel W. Witwer, Esquire, who really knew what a state constitution should do.